Saturday 13 August 2016

Roman Architecture

The immense load bearing capacity of concrete, along with further advances in the application of architectural elements like the arch, meant that Romans could produce massive structures such as the Colosseum, the enormous dome of the Pantheon, harbors such as Caesarea Maritima in Judea in Middle East.

The Colosseum, Rome
The Colosseum, Rome, is a massive amphitheater that was originally called the Flavian amphitheater as it was built by Flavian emperors. The site of countless gladiatorial combats, its formal opening in 80 CE was marked by 100 days of gladiatorial games.

The temples of Jupiter, Minerva and Juno 

The temples of Jupiter, Minerva and Juno near Sbeitla, Tunisia is one part of the impressive remains of the ancient Roman city of Sufetula which probably originated as a fort during campaigns against Numidian rebels.

The Pont du Gard
The Pont du Gard aqueduct(an artificial waterway) was built c.19 BC to carry water from Ucetia(Uzes) to Nemausus(Nimes) ,in France. With three tier of arches and a height of nearly 50 meters(165 Ft) it was the highest aqueduct built by the Romans.

The Library of Celsus

The Library of Celsus at Ephesus(Turkey) was built in 2nd century CE as a monument to a Roman senator and governor Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus. It stored thousands of manuscripts in scrolls.The interior of the library was destroyed, supposedly by an earthquake in 262 CE. The front of the building has been faithfully restored.

The Pantheon

The Pantheon in Rome, created as a temple in 2nd century CE, is famed for it's dome, the largest until modern times. Over 21 meters(70 ft) high, with a diameter of over 43 meters(140 ft), cement mixed with pumice near the top of the dome helps to support the structure. 

Trajan's column

Trajan's column is triumphal column in Rome, Italy that commemorates Roman Emperor Trajan's victory in the Dacian Wars. It was probably constructed under the supervision of the architect Apollodorus of Damascus at the order of the Roman senate. It was completed in 113 CE, and it is famous for its spiral bas relief, which describes the Dacian wars.

Constantine's Arch

The arch of Constantine is a triumphal arch in Rome, situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine hill. It was erected by the Roman senate to commemorate Constantine I's victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge in 312 CE.

Maison Carrée

Maison Carrée, Nimes in southern France, is one of the best preserved Roman temples to be found in the territory of former Roman Empire. It was completed in c.2 CE.


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